The brand new tokens you to definitely took place apparently reduced frequently article-CLC try presented for the Table 4

These types of tokens comprise: signs (elizabeth.g., , >, /, +, ^, =), numerals (elizabeth.grams., step one, 2, 3) acronyms, shortenings and you will contractions (e.g., t, k, ff, ni, mn, nie, jy, gwn, s, lol; and this make reference to: het, dat, ok/ik, even, niet, hem, niet, jij, gewoon, is actually, laugh out loud; translations: it, one, ok/We, to possess some time Footnote seven , maybe not, my, not, your, simply, is), punctuation scratching (e.g., ! ? : ; yet not the period and you can comma), pronouns (age.g., ik, jij, hem, hij, myself, je, jou; translations: We, you, your, the guy, myself, you/your), opinion-relevant adjectives/adverbs (e.grams., echt, lekker, mooi, goed, nieuwe, niks, leuk, zeker, mooie, super; translations: most, nice/delicious, nice/gorgeous, a good, brand new, nothing, nice/beautiful, nice/nicely, yes, sweet, super), and you will interjection conditions (elizabeth.g., ja, haha, nee, boy, hoor, nou, hahaha, he, jaa, inspire, jaaa, ok, fuck, crap, wtf; translations: sure, haha, zero, boy, you realize, well, hahaha, hey/huh, yeah, wow, okay). Basically, the words you to took place relatively more often pre-CLC portray primarily casual language play with, instance contractions, strange spellings, signs and you will profanity.

Contour 9 gift suggestions the latest relative differences in POS utilize following the CLC, in contrast to Baseline-split We and you may II

Dining table 5 gifts tokens you to happened relatively more often article-CLC, this type of tokens comprise: content (we.age., de, het, een; translations: feminine/male the new, neuter brand new, a(n)), conjunctions (e.g., durante, from, omdat, want, zodat; translations: and, or, because the, given that, with the intention that), prepositions (e.g., door, for the, om, satisfied, over, tijdens, aan, tot; translations: through/of the, during the, for/during the, that have, about/over, during, to/on, until), auxiliary and you will hooking up verbs (e.grams., worden, hebben, zijn, moeten, kunnen, maken, willen; translations: end up being, possess, is, must, can be, create, want). Overall, the brand new tokens you to occurred seemingly more frequently blog post-CLC show a great deal more official vocabulary utilize as opposed to the pre-CLC tokens within the Table cuatro.

Dining table 6 gift ideas bigrams that taken place seemingly more frequently pre-CLC. These bigrams generally happened to be individual pronoun + verb combinations (we.e., ik ga, ik heb, ik ben, ik wil, ik dacht, heb je, ik moet, denk ik, ik kan, ik kom, ik got, ik are; translations: I am going, You will find, I’m, I’d like, I thought, have you ever, I need to, I believe, I will, I come, I’d, I happened to be). Again, the outcome advise that there is relatively significantly more relaxed code need, that is, seemingly more frequent events regarding thinking-referential words, which suggests an even more personal and you will subjective words use.

The bigrams you to taken place apparently more frequently blog post-CLC, in the Dining table eight, comprise primarily prepositional sentences or preposition + post combos (elizabeth.grams., van de-, van het, home de, naar het, van een, om de, more de, aan de-, over het, inside the het, came across het, found de, om het, bij het, om een, voor het; translations: about, about, from the, into the, regarding a beneficial, about the, along side, regarding the, into, about/along side, of the, within, into the), recommending more in depth meanings of one’s situation which is labeled in the tweets. Significantly, the introduction of most prepositions can also explain the rise in sentence length adopting the CLC.

POS study

The next theory throughout the a prospective increase in employing adjectives, adverbs, content, conjunctions, and you can prepositions, try tested having fun with an excellent POS data. Dining table 8 screens the newest cousin wavelengths regarding POS kinds. The newest CLC had a greater affect POS incorporate in contrast to standard distinctions. Such as for example, the fresh new CLC triggered a boost in the effective use of stuff, conjunctives, and you can prepositions compared to the almost every other POS groups. So it raise means that the fresh new CLC changed the latest syntactic structures regarding tweets, and this is supported by the discovering that phrase length enhanced. All of a sudden, brand new relative frequency out of adverbs and you can adjectives did not improve just after the latest CLC. Simultaneously, the difference between Standard-split up We and you can Standard-split up II shows more version anywhere between day step three and you can day cuatro than the day 1 and times 2. This means that a pattern throughout the language utilize started because of the CLC.